Province of Salerno, Italy
A magnificent combined result of the work of nature and man. Situated on the coast in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Cilento is the perfect synthesis of coexistence between nature and culture, a place of exchange and contamination. It is today a living landscape that maintains an active role in contemporary society but retains the traditional characters that have generated, the organization of the territory, in the path plot, in the structure of the crops and in the settlements system. The Cilento realizes the encounter between sea and mountains, Atlantic and East, Nordic and African cultures, It fuses peoples and civilizations and retains traces evident in its distinctive character: archeology, the nature, the traditions. The first human settlements date back to the Middle Paleolithic and continue throughout the Neolithic up to the Copper Age. The presence of these ancient cultures is evidenced by the traces left both coastal caves between Palinuro and Scario, both in the internal ones of the ridge along the paths of upland as the Caves of Castelcivita, both the Vallo di Diano Pertosa, nelle Grotte dell’Angelo. Testimonials Bronze Age are sacrificial altars and the rock sculptures along the streets from the Tyrrhenian to the Ionian. Around the seventeenth century B.C.. They landed on the coast of Cilento Greeks who formed the city of Poseidonia. From the sea then came the Asia Minor Focei who founded Velia and Porta Rosa. During the fourth century B.C.. The Romans used this area for trade and for trade but, with the fall of the Western Roman Empire (Sixth century A.D.) He began the long period of barbarian domination of the Visigoths, Goths, Lombards and the continuous attacks of the Saracens. This meeting / clash between different cultures brought about the emergence of architectural and artistic complex of great beauty as the Abbey of Pattano with the Chapel of St. Philadelphus or the frescoes in the Chapel in Basiliana Lentiscosa. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the whole territory was divided among the nobles who helped to make this earth a place of cruel business. The Cilento has a varied and complex morphology. At the idrogeografico basin of the river Alento and the main mountains of western Cilento is a rock that is called Flysch of Cilento. On the coast the high Flysch is characterized by the stratification of rocks by special colors and for the landscape with a strong presence of the Mediterranean arborea. In the park there are about 1800 species of native spontaneous plants, among which stands out the Primula Palinuro, the symbol of the Park. The Mediterranean covers the coastal area along with the olive trees and evergreen forests. In the higher altitudes and in the interior rise oaks, aceri, tigli, olmi, ash and chestnut, while, at higher altitudes, the beech forests covering the mountains. Higher up is the very rare Barberry shrub Etna. Given the impressive variety of morphology and the park's flora, it is not strange to consider the presence of a rich and diverse fauna. In mountainous areas are the Golden Eagles and some of its prey such as the Hare appenninica and Coturnice. The presence of these two species is very important from a biological point of view as they represent Apennine native animal forms now extinct in many parts of the territory. Among the pastures there are wolves, foxes and martens.